Low bone mineral density is related to atherosclerosis in postmenopausal Moroccan women

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dc.contributor.author Abouqal, Redouane
dc.contributor.author Hamamouchi, Ihsane
dc.contributor.author Allali, Fadoua
dc.contributor.author Khazzani, Hamza
dc.contributor.author Bennani, Loubna
dc.contributor.author El Mansouri, Leila
dc.contributor.author Ichchou, Linda
dc.contributor.author Cherkaoui, Mohammed
dc.contributor.author Hajjaj-Hassouni, Najia
dc.date.accessioned 2013-06-25T13:18:03Z
dc.date.available 2013-06-25T13:18:03Z
dc.date.issued 2009-10-14
dc.identifier.issn 1471-2458
dc.identifier.uri http://ao.um5s.ac.ma/xmlui/handle/123456789/314
dc.description.abstract Abstract Background: Some studies have implicated several possible metabolic linkages between osteoporosis and vascular calcification, including estrogen deficiency, vitamin D excess, vitamin K deficiency and lipid oxidation products. Nevertheless, it remains unclear whether osteoporosis and atherosclerosis are related to each other or are independent processes, both related to aging. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the correlation between arterial thickening and bone status in a sample of apparently healthy Moroccan women. Methods: Seventy-two postmenopausal women were studied. All patients were without secondary causes that might affect bone density. Bone status was assessed by bone mineral density (BMD) in lumbar spine and all femoral sites. Arterial wall thickening was assessed by intima-media thickness (IMT) in carotid artery (CA) and femoral artery (FA). Prevalent plaques were categorized into four groups ranging from low echogenicity to high echogenicity. Results: The mean age was 59.2 ± 8.3 years. 84.7% had at least one plaque. By Spearman Rank correlation, CA IMT was negatively correlated to Femoral total BMD (r = -0.33), Femoral neck BMD (r = -0.23), Ward triangle BMD (r = -0.30) and Trochanter BMD (r = -0.28) while there was no association with lumbar BMD. In multiple regression analysis, CA IMT emerged as an independent factor significantly associated with all femoral sites BMD after adjusting of confounding factors. FA IMT failed to be significantly associated with both Femoral and Lumbar BMD. No significant differences between echogenic, predominantly echogenic, predominantly echolucent and echolucent plaques groups were found concerning lumbar BMD and all femoral sites BMD Conclusion: Our results demonstrate a negative correlation between bone mineral density (BMD) qnd carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) in postmenopausal women, independently of confounding factors. We suggest that bone status should be evaluated in patients with vascular disease to assess whether preventive or therapeutic intervention is necessarry. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher BMC Public Health en_US
dc.title Low bone mineral density is related to atherosclerosis in postmenopausal Moroccan women en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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